Skip to main content

Publications

Tredennick, A., P. B. Adler, and F. R. Adler. In press. The relationship between species richness and ecosystem variability is shaped by the mechanism of coexistence. Ecology Letters. Link

Gallien, L., J. M. Levine, N. Zimmerman, and P. B. Adler. 2017. The effects of intransitive competition on coexistence. Ecology Letters 20: 791-800. Link

Levine, J. M., J. Bascompte, P. B. Adler, and S. Allesina. 2017. Beyond pairwise mechanisms of species coexistence in complex communities. Nature 546: 56–64. Link

Yenni, G. M., P. B. Adler, S.K.M. Ernest. 2017. Do persistent rare species experience stronger negative frequency dependence than common species? Global Ecology and Biogeography 26: 513-523. Link

Tredennick, A. T., M. B. Hooten, and P. B. Adler. 2017. Do we need demographic data to forecast plant population dynamics? Methods in Ecology and Evolution 8: 541-551. Link

Tredennick, A. T., C. de Mazancourt, M. Loreau, and P. B. Adler. 2017. Environmental responses, not species interactions, determine synchrony of dominant species in semiarid grasslands. Ecology 98:971–981. Link

Byrne, K. M., W. K. Lauenroth, and P. B. Adler. 2017. Contrasting effects of precipitation manipulations on plant community responses at two sites within the Great Plains, USA. Journal of Vegetation Science 28: 238-249. Link

Kulmatiski, A., P. B. Adler, J. M. Stark and A. T. Tredennick. 2017. Water and nitrogen uptake are better associated with resource availability than root biomass. Ecosphere 8: e01738. Link

Tredennick, A., M. Hooten, C. Aldridge, C. Homer, A. Kleinhesselink*, and P. B. Adler. 2016. Forecasting climate change impacts on plant populations over large spatial extents. Ecosphere 7: e01525. Link

Ellner, S. P., R. E. Snyder, and P. B. Adler. 2016. How to quantify the temporal storage effect using simulations instead of math. Ecology Letters 19:1333–1342. Link

Harpole, W. S., L. L. Sullivan, E. M. Lind, J. Firn, P. B. Adler, E. T. Borer, J. Chase, P. A. Fay, Y. Hautier, H. Hillebrand, A. S. MacDougall, E. W. Seabloom, R. Williams, J. D. Bakker, M. W. Cadotte, E. J. Chaneton, C. Chu, E. E. Cleland, C. D’Antonio, K. F. Davies, D. S. Gruner, N. Hagenah, K. Kirkman, J. M. H. Knops, K. J. La Pierre, R. L. McCulley, J. L. Moore, J. W. Morgan, S. M. Prober, A. C. Risch, M. Schuetz, C. J. Stevens, and P. D. Wragg. 2016. Addition of multiple limiting resources reduces grassland diversity. Nature 537:93–96. Link

Chu, C., A. R. Kleinhesselink, K. M. Havstad, M. P. McClaran, D. P. Peters, L. T. Vermeire, H. Wei, and P. B. Adler. 2016. Direct effects dominate responses to climate perturbations in grassland plant communities. Nature Communications 7:11766. Link

Iles, D., R. Salguero-Gomez, D. N. Koons, P. B. Adler. 2016. Linking transient dynamics and life history to biological invasion success. Journal of Ecology 104: 399-408. Link

Teller, B., P. B. Adler, C. Edwards, G. Hooker, and S. Ellner. 2016. Linking demography with drivers: climate and competition. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 7: 171-183. Link

Tredennick†, A. T., P. B. Adler, J. B. Grace, W. S. Harpole, E. T. Borer, E. W. Seabloom, T. M. Anderson, J. D. Bakker, L. A. Biederman, C. S. Brown, Y. M. Buckley, C. Chu, S. L. Collins, M. J. Crawley, P. A. Fay, J. Firn, D. S. Gruner, N. Hagenah, Y. Hautier, A. Hector, H. Hillebrand, K. Kirkman, J. M. H. Knops, R. Laungani, E. M. Lind, A. S. MacDougall, R. L. McCulley, C. E. Mitchell, J. L. Moore, J. W. Morgan, J. L. Orrock, P. L. Peri, S. M. Prober, A. C. Risch, M. Schütz, K. L. Speziale, R. J. Standish, L. L. Sullivan, G. M. Wardle, R. J. Williams, and L. H. Yang. 2016. Comment on “Worldwide evidence of a unimodal relationship between productivity and plant species richness.” Science 351:457–457. Link

Grace, J. B., T. M. Anderson, E. W. Seabloom, E. T. Borer, P. B. Adler, W. S. Harpole, Y. Hautier, H. Hillebrand, E. M. Lind, M. Pärtel, J. D. Bakker, Y. M. Buckley, M. J. Crawley, E. I. Damschen, K. F. Davies, P. A. Fay, J. Firn, D. S. Gruner, A. Hector, J. M. H. Knops, A. S. MacDougall, B. A. Melbourne, J. W. Morgan, J. L. Orrock, S. M. Prober, and M. D. Smith. 2016. Integrative modelling reveals mechanisms linking productivity and plant species richness. Nature 529:390–393. Link

Ray-Mukherjee, J. R., T. A. Jones, P. B. Adler, and T. A. Monaco. 2015. Contrasting mechanisms for recovery from defoliation in two Intermountain-native bunchgrasses. Rangeland Ecology and Management 68: 485-493. Link

Kleinhesselink, A. R. and P. B. Adler. In press. Indirect effects of environmental change in resource competition models. The American Naturalist. Link

Chu, C. J. and P. B. Adler. 2015. Large niche differences emerge at the recruitment stage to stabilize grassland coexistence. Ecological Monographs 85: 373-392. Link

Maricle, B. R., K. L. Caudle, P. B. Adler. 2015. Influence of water availability on photosynthesis, water potential, leaf δ13C, and phenology in dominant C4 grasses in Kansas, USA. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 118: 173-193. Link

Seabloom, E. W., E. T. Borer, Y. M. Buckley, E. E. Cleland, K. F. Davies, J. Firn, W. S. Harpole, Y. Hautier, E. M. Lind, A. S. MacDougall, J. L. Orrock, S. M. Prober, P. B. Adler, T. M. Anderson, J. D. Bakker, L. A. Biederman, D. M. Blumenthal, C. S. Brown, L. A. Brudvig, M. Cadotte, C. Chu, K. L. Cottingham, M. J. Crawley, E. I. Damschen, C. M. Dantonio, N. M. DeCrappeo, G. Du, P. A. Fay, P. Frater, D. S. Gruner, N. Hagenah, A. Hector, H. Hillebrand, K. S. Hofmockel, H. C. Humphries, V. L. Jin, A. Kay, K. P. Kirkman, J. A. Klein, J. M. H. Knops, K. J. La Pierre, L. Ladwig, J. G. Lambrinos, Q. Li, W. Li, R. Marushia, R. L. McCulley, B. A. Melbourne, C. E. Mitchell, J. L. Moore, J. Morgan, B. Mortensen, L. R. O’Halloran, D. A. Pyke, A. C. Risch, M. Sankaran, M. Schuetz, A. Simonsen, M. D. Smith, C. J. Stevens, L. Sullivan, E. Wolkovich, P. D. Wragg, J. Wright, and L. Yang. 2015. Plant species’ origin predicts dominance and response to nutrient enrichment and herbivores in global grasslands. Nature Communications 6. Link

Fay, P. A., S. M. Prober, W. S. Harpole, J. M. H. Knops, J. D. Bakker, E. T. Borer, E. M. Lind, A. S. MacDougall, E. W. Seabloom, P. D. Wragg, P. B. Adler, D. M. Blumenthal, Y. M. Buckley, C. Chu, E. E. Cleland, S. L. Collins, K. F. Davies, G. Du, X. Feng, J. Firn, D. S. Gruner, N. Hagenah, Y. Hautier, R. W. Heckman, V. L. Jin, K. P. Kirkman, J. Klein, L. M. Ladwig, Q. Li, R. L. McCulley, B. A. Melbourne, C. E. Mitchell, J. L. Moore, J. W. Morgan, A. C. Risch, M. Schütz, C. J. Stevens, D. A. Wedin, and L. H. Yang. 2015. Grassland productivity limited by multiple nutrients. Nature Plants 1: 15080. Link

Kraft, N. J. B., P. B. Adler, O. Godoy, E. James, S. Fuller, J. M. Levine. 2015. Community assembly, coexistence, and the habitat filtering metaphor. Functional Ecology 29: 592-599. Link

Prober, S. M., J. W. Leff, S. T. Bates, E. T. Borer, J. Firn, W. S. Harpole, E. M. Lind, E. W. Seabloom, P. B. Adler, J. D. Bakker, E. E. Cleland, N. M. DeCrappeo, E. DeLorenze, N. Hagenah, Y. Hautier, K. S. Hofmockel, K. P. Kirkman, J. M. H. Knops, K. J. La Pierre, A. S. MacDougall, R. L. McCulley, C. E. Mitchell, A. C. Risch, M. Schuetz, C. J. Stevens, R. J. Williams, and N. Fierer. 2015. Plant diversity predicts beta but not alpha diversity of soil microbes across grasslands worldwide. Ecology Letters 18:85-95. Link

Compagnoni, A.* and P. B. Adler. 2014. Warming, competition, and Bromus tectorum population growth across an elevation gradient. Ecosphere 5: 121. Link

Ware, I.M.*, P. Terletzky, and P. B. Adler. 2014. Conflicting management objectives on the Colorado Plateau: Understanding the effects of bison and cattle grazing on plant community composition. Journal of Nature Conservation 22: 293-301. Link

Grace, J. B., P. B. Adler, W. S. Harpole, E. T. Borer, and E. W. Seabloom. 2014. Causal networks clarify productivity-richness interrelations, bivariate plots do not. Functional Ecology 28: 787-798. Link

Chu, C., K. M. Havstad, N. Kaplan, W. K. Lauenroth, M. P. McClaran, D. P. Peters, L. T. Vermeire, P. B. Adler. 2014. Life form influences survivorship patterns for 109 herbaceous perennials from six semi-arid ecosystems. Journal of Vegetation Science 25: 947-954. Link

MacDougall, A. S., J. R. Bennett, J. Firn, E. W. Seabloom, E. T. Borer, E. M. Lind, J. L. Orrock, W. S. Harpole, Y. Hautier, P. B. Adler, E. Cleland, K. Davies, B. Melbourne, S. M. Prober, J. D. Bakker, P. A. Fay, V. L. Jin, A. Kendig, K. J. La Pierre, J. Moore, J. Morgan, and C. J. Stevens. 2014. Anthropogenic-based regional-scale factors most consistently explain plot-level exotic diversity in grasslands. Global Ecology and Biogeography 23: 802–810. Link

Hsu, J.* and P. B. Adler. 2014. Anticipating changes in variability of grassland production due to increases in interannual precipitation variability. Ecosphere 5: art58. Link

Borer, E. T., E. W. Seabloom, D. S. Gruner, W. S. Harpole, H. Hillebrand, E. M. Lind, P. B. Adler, J. Alberti, T. M. Anderson, J. D. Bakker, L. Biederman, D. Blumenthal, C. S. Brown, L. A. Brudvig, Y. M. Buckley, M. Cadotte, C. Chu, E. E. Cleland, M. J. Crawley, P. Daleo, E. I. Damschen, K. F. Davies, N. M. DeCrappeo, G. Du, J. Firn, Y. Hautier, R. W. Heckman, A. Hector, J. HilleRisLambers, O. Iribarne, J. A. Klein, J. M. H. Knops, K. J. La Pierre, A. D. B. Leakey, W. Li, A. S. MacDougall, R. L. McCulley, B. A. Melbourne, C. E. Mitchell, J. L. Moore, B. Mortensen, L. R. O’Halloran, J. L. Orrock, J. Pascual, S. M. Prober, D. A. Pyke, A. C. Risch, M. Schuetz, M. D. Smith, C. J. Stevens, L. L. Sullivan, R. J. Williams, P. D. Wragg, J. P. Wright, and L. H. Yang. 2014. Herbivores and nutrients control grassland plant diversity via light limitation. Nature 508: 517-520. Link

Hautier, Y., E. W. Seabloom, E. T. Borer, P. B. Adler, W. S. Harpole, H. Hillebrand, E. M. Lind, A. S. MacDougall, C. J. Stevens, J. D. Bakker, Y. M. Buckley, C. Chu, S. L. Collins, P. Daleo, E. I. Damschen, K. F. Davies, P. A. Fay, J. Firn, D. S. Gruner, V. L. Jin, J. A. Klein, J. M. H. Knops, K. J. La Pierre, W. Li, R. L. McCulley, B. A. Melbourne, J. L. Moore, L. R. O’Halloran, S. M. Prober, A. C. Risch, M. Sankaran, M. Schuetz, and A. Hector. 2014. Eutrophication weakens stabilizing effects of diversity in natural grasslands. Nature 508: 521-525. Link

Chu, C. and P. B. Adler. 2014. When should plant populations models include age structure? Journal of Ecology 102: 531-543. Link

Adler, P. B., R. Salguero-Gómez, A. Compagnoni, J. Hsu, J. Ray-Mukherjee, C. Mbeau-Ache, M. Franco. 2014. Functional traits explain variation in plant life history strategies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 111: 740-745. Link

Compagnoni, A. and P. B. Adler. 2014. Warming, soil moisture, and loss of snow increase Bromus tectorum’s population growth rate. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene DOI 10.12952/journal.elementa.000020. Link

Borer, E., W.S. Harpole, P. B. Adler, E.M. Lind, J.L. Orrock, E.W. Seabloom, M.D. Smith. 2014. Finding generality in ecology: A model for globally distributed experiments. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 5: 65-73. Link

Adler, P. B. 2013. Testing the storage effect with long-term, observational data. Pp. 82-101 in: Temporal Dynamics and Ecological Process (eds. Colleen Kelly, Michael Bowler, and Gordon Cox), Cambridge University Press. Link

Seabloom, E. and 72 co-authors including P. B. Adler. 2013. Predicting invasion in grassland ecosystems: is exotic dominance the real embarrassment of richness? Global Change Biology 19: 3677-3687. Link

Byrne, K., P. B. Adler, and W.K. Lauenroth. 2013. Contrasting effects of precipitation manipulations on production in two sites within the Central Grassland Region, USA. Ecosystems 16: 1039-1051. Link

Adler, P. B., A. Fajardo, A. Kleinhesselink, and N. J. B. Kraft. 2013. Trait-based tests of coexistence mechanisms. Ecology Letters 16: 1294-1306. Link

Chu, C., J. Norman, R. Flynn, N. Kaplan, W. K. Lauenroth, and P. B. Adler. 2013. Cover, density and demographics of shortgrass steppe plants mapped from 1997-2010 in permanent grazed and ungrazed quadrats. Ecology 94: 1435-1435. Link Data

Adler, P. B., K. Byrne, and J. Leiker. 2013. Can the past predict the future? Experimental tests of historically-based population models. Global Change Biology 19: 1793-1803. Link Highlighted in Nature Climate Change

Lind, E. and 19 co-authors including P. B. Adler. 2013. Life history constraints in grassland plant species: a growth-defense tradeoff is the norm. Ecology Letters 16: 513-521. Link

HilleRisLambers, J., P. B. Adler, W. S. Harpole, J. M. Levine, M. M. Mayfield. 2012. Rethinking community assembly through the lens of coexistence theory. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 43: 227-248. Link

H. Owens, J. LaFantasie, and P. B. Adler. 2012. Mycorrhization rates of two grasses following alterations in moisture inputs in a southern mixed grass prairie. Applied Soil Ecology 50: 56-60. Link

Anderson, J., M. P. McClaran, and P. B. Adler. 2012. Cover and density of semi-desert grassland plants in permanent quadrats mapped from 1915 to 1947. Ecology 93: 1492. Link Online data

Hsu, J. S., J. Powell, and P. B. Adler. 2012. Sensitivity of mean annual primary production to precipitation. Global Change Biology 18: 2246-2255. Link

Koons, D. N., P. Terletzky, P. B. Adler, M. L. Wolfe, D. Ranglack, F. P. Howe, K. Hersey, W. Paskett, and J. du Toit. 2012. Climate and density-dependent drivers of American Bison reproductive success. Journal of Mammology 93: 475-481. Link

Yenni, G. M., P. B. Adler and S. K. M. Ernest. 2012. Strong self-limitation promotes the persistence of rare species. Ecology 93: 456-461. Link

Grace, J. B., P. B. Adler, E. W. Seabloom, E. T. Borer, et al. 2012. Response to Comments on “Productivity Is a Poor Predictor of Plant Species Richness”. Science 335:1441–1441. Link

Adler, P. B., H. J. Dalgleish and S. P. Ellner. 2012. Forecasting plant community impacts of climate variability and change: when do competitive interactions matter? Journal of Ecology 100: 478-487. Link Correction!

Snyder, R., and P. B. Adler. 2011. Coexistence and coevolution in fluctuating environments: Can the storage effect evolve? American Naturalist 178: E78-E84. Link

Adler, P. B., E. W. Seabloom, E. T. Borer, H. Hillebrand, Y. Hautier, A. Hector, W. S. Harpole, L. R. O’Halloran, J. B. Grace, T. M. Anderson, J. D. Bakker, L. A. Biederman, C. S. Brown, Y. M. Buckley, L. B. Calabrese, C.-J. Chu, E. E. Cleland, S. L. Collins, K. L. Cottingham, M. J. Crawley, E. I. Damschen, K. F. Davies, N. M. DeCrappeo, P. A. Fay, J. Firn, P. Frater, E. I. Gasarch, D. S. Gruner, N. Hagenah, J. Hille Ris Lambers, H. Humphries, V. L. Jin, A. D. Kay, K. P. Kirkman, J. A. Klein, J. M. H. Knops, K. J. La Pierre, J. G. Lambrinos, W. Li, A. S. MacDougall, R. L. McCulley, B. A. Melbourne, C. E. Mitchell, J. L. Moore, J. W. Morgan, B. Mortensen, J. L. Orrock, S. M. Prober, D. A. Pyke, A. C. Risch, M. Schuetz, M. D. Smith, C. J. Stevens, L. L. Sullivan, G. Wang, P. D. Wragg, J. P. Wright, and L. H. Yang. 2011. Productivity is a poor predictor of plant species richness. Science 333: 1750-1753. PDF Accompanying perspective piece

Byrne, K. M., W. K. Lauenroth, P. B. Adler and C. M. Byrne. 2011. Estimating aboveground net primary production in grasslands: a comparison of nondestructive methods. Rangeland Ecology and Management 64: 498-505. Link

Anderson, J., L. Vermeire, and P.B. Adler. 2011. Fourteen years of mapped, permanent quadrats in a northern mixed prairie, USA. Ecology 92: 1703. Link Online data

Mukherjee, J.Ray, T.A. Jones, P.B. Adler, and T.A. Monaco. 2011. Immature seedling growth of two North American native bunchgrasses and the invasive grass Bromus tectorum. Rangeland Ecology and Management 64: 358-365. Link

Maricle, B. R. and P. B. Adler. 2011. Effects of precipitation on photosynthesis and water potential in Andropogon gerardii and Schizachyrium scoparium in a southern mixed grass prairie. Environmental and Experimental Botany 72: 223-231. Link

Dalgleish, H.J., C.A. Moffet, D.N. Koons, M.B. Hooten, and P.B. Adler. 2011. Climate influences the population dynamics of three dominant sagebrush steppe plants. Ecology 92: 75-85. Link.

Mukherjee, J.Ray, T.A. Jones, P.B. Adler, and T.A. Monaco. 2011. Drought tolerance in two perennial bunchgrasses used for restoration in the Intermountain West, USA. Plant Ecology 212: 461-470. Link

Firn, J., J. L. Moore, A. S. MacDougall, E. T. Borer, E. W. Seabloom, J. HilleRisLambers, W. S. Harpole, E. E. Cleland, C. S. Brown, J. M. H. Knops, S. M. Prober, D. A. Pyke, K. A. Farrell, J. D. Bakker, L. R. O’Halloran, P. B. Adler, S. L. Collins, C. M. D’Antonio, M. J. Crawley, E. M. Wolkovich, K. J. La Pierre, B. A. Melbourne, Y. Hautier, J. W. Morgan, A. D. B. Leakey, A. Kay, R. McCulley, K. F. Davies, C. J. Stevens, C. Chu, K. D. Holl, J. A. Klein, P. A. Fay, N. Hagenah, K. P. Kirkman, and Y. M. Buckley. 2011. Abundance of introduced species at home predicts abundance away in herbaceous communities. Ecology Letters 14: 274-281. Link

Onoda, Y., M. Westoby, P. B. Adler, A. M. F. Choong, F. J. Clissold, J. H. C. Cornelissen, S. Díaz, N. J. Dominy, A. Elgart, L. Enrico, P. V. A. Fine, J. J. Howard, A. Jalili, K. Kitajima, H. Kurokawa, C. McArthur, P. W. Lucas, L. Markesteijn, N. Pérez-Harguindeguy, L. Poorter, L. Richards, L. S. Santiago, E. E. Sosinski, S. A. Van Bael, D. I. Warton, I. J. Wright, S. Joseph Wright, and N. Yamashita. 2011. Global patterns of leaf mechanical properties. Ecology Letters 14:301-312. Link

Zachmann, L. C. Moffet and P. Adler. 2010. Mapped quadrats in sagebrush steppe: long-term data for analyzing demographic rates and plant–plant interactions. Ecology 91:3427. Link Online data

White, E. P., S.K.M. Ernest, P.B. Adler, A.H. Hurlbert, and S.K. Lyons. 2010. Integrating spatial and temporal approaches to understanding species richness. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 365: 3633-3643. Link

Adler, P.B., S.P. Ellner and J.M. Levine. 2010. Coexistence of perennial plants: An embarrassment of niches. Ecology Letters 13: 1019-1029. Link

Dalgleish, H.J., Koons, D.N., and P.B. Adler. 2010. Can life history traits predict the vulnerability of forb populations to increased climate variability? Journal of Ecology 98: 209-217. Link

Adler, P.B., HilleRisLambers, J., and J.M. Levine. 2009. Weak effects of climate variability on coexistence in a sagebrush steppe community. Ecology 90: 3303-3312. Link

Adler, P.B., Leiker, J., and J.M. Levine. 2009. Direct and indirect effects of climate change on a prairie plant community. PLoSONE 4: e6887. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0006887 PDF

Adler, P.B., and J. HilleRisLambers. 2008. The influence of climate and species composition on the population dynamics of ten prairie forbs. Ecology 89: 3049-3060. PDF Online data

Adler, P.B. and J.M. Drake. 2008. Environmental variation, stochastic extinction, and competitive coexistence. The American Naturalist 172: E186-E195. PDF

Levine, J.M., P.B. Adler and J. HilleRisLambers. 2008. On testing the role of niche differences in stabilizing coexistence. Functional Ecology 22: 934-936. PDF

Lauenroth, W.K. and P.B. Adler. 2008. Demography of grassland plants: Survival, life expectancy and life span. Journal of Ecology 96: 1023-1032. PDF Online data Corregindum

Adler, P.B., Tyburczy, W.R. and W.K. Lauenroth. 2007. Long-term mapped quadrats from Kansas prairie: A unique source of demographic information for herbaceous plants. Ecology 88: 2673. Online data

Adler, P.B., HilleRisLambers, J., and J.M. Levine. 2007. A niche for neutrality. Ecology Letters 10: 95-104. PDF

Adler, P.B. and J. M. Levine. 2007. Contrasting relationships between precipitation and species richness in space and time. Oikos 116: 221-232. PDF

Adler, P.B., HilleRisLambers, J., Kyriakidis, P., Guan, Q., and J.M. Levine. 2006. Climate variability has a stabilizing effect on coexistence of prairie grasses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103: 12793-12798. PDF Supporting info

Busby, P.E., Adler, P.B., Warren, T., and F. Swanson. 2006. Fates of live trees retained in forest cutting units, western Cascade Range, Oregon. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36: 2544-2549. PDF

White, E.P., Adler, P.B., Lauenroth, W.K., Gill, R.A., Greenberg, D., Kaufman, D.M., Rassweiler, A., Rusak, J.A., Smith, M.D., Steinbeck, J.R., Waide, R.B. and J. Yao.2006. A comparison of the species-time relationship across ecosystems and taxonomic groups. Oikos 112: 185-195. PDF

Adler, P. B., Garbulsky, M. F., Paruelo, J. M., and W. K. Lauenroth. 2006. Do abiotic differences explain contrasting graminoid functional traits in sagebrush steppe, USA and Patagonian steppe, Argentina? Journal of Arid Environments 65: 62-82. PDF

Adler, P. B., White, E. P., Lauenroth, W. K., Kaufman, D.M., Rassweiler, A. and J. A. Rusak. 2005. Evidence for a general species-time-area relationship. Ecology 86: 2032-2039. PDF

Adler, P.B. and S.A. Hall. 2005. The development of forage production and utilization gradients around livestock watering points. Landscape Ecology 20: 319-333. PDF

Adler, P.B., D.G. Milchunas, O.E. Sala, I.C. Burke, and W.K. Lauenroth. 2005. Plant traits and ecosystem grazing effects: comparison of US sagebrush steppe and Patagonia steppe. Ecological Applications 15: 774-792. PDF

Levine, J. M., Adler, P. B., and S. G. Yelenik. 2004. A meta-analysis of biotic resistance to exotic plant invasions. Ecology Letters 7: 975:989. PDF

Adler, P. B., D. G. Milchunas, W. K. Lauenroth, O. E. Sala, and I. C. Burke. 2004. Functional traits of graminoids in semi-arid steppes: A test of grazing histories. Journal of Applied Ecology 41: 653-663. PDF

Adler, P. B. 2004. Neutral models fail to reproduce observed species-time and species-area relationships in Kansas grasslands. Ecology 85: 1265-1272. PDF

Adler, P.B. and W.K. Lauenroth. 2003. The power of time: spatiotemporal scaling of species diversity. Ecology Letters 6: 749-756. PDF

Adler, P.B. and J.B. Bradford. 2002. Compensation: An alternative method for analyzing diversity-productivity experiments. Oikos 96: 411-420. PDF

Adler, P.B., D.A. Raff and W.K. Lauenroth. 2001. The effect of grazing on the spatial heterogeneity of vegetation. Oecologia 128: 465-479. PDF

Adler, P.B. and Lauenroth, W.K. 2000. Livestock exclusion increases the spatial heterogeneity of vegetation in Colorado shortgrass steppe. Applied Vegetation Science 3: 231-222. PDF

Adler, P.B. and J.M. Morales. 1999. Influence of environmental factors and sheep grazing on an Andean grassland. Journal of Range Management 52: 471-481. PDF

Adler, P.B., C.M. D’Antonio, and J.T. Tunison. 1998. Understory succession following a dieback of Myrica faya in Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park. Pacific Science 52: 69-78. PDF